~Montenegro~

The most popular is Kotor a Mediterranean city and port in the Bay of Kotor in Montenegro. The bay is also nicknamed the southernmost fjord because of its shape and natural characteristics. The port is located directly in front of the main gate of the old town and large tourist cruise ships dock in it.

The international airport in Tivat is 5 km from Kotor.

The city port in Kotor was built during the Venetian rule (15th-18th century) and is very well preserved. It is protected by UNESCO as part of the world’s cultural heritage.

The early history of the city is related to the Roman Empire when Kotor was part of the Roman province of Dalmatia. The city shared the fate of other cities in this part of the Mediterranean, which means that its history is stormy and its masters are numerous. However, the Venetian rule left the deepest mark. The influence of the Republic of Venice is visible, especially in the architecture of the old town. The entire old town in Kotor is a cultural and historical monument and under the protection of UNESCO. The city is surrounded by high walls and is a rounded whole.

Three gates in the walls lead to the old town and they are monuments in themselves. The most monumental and significant building in the old town is the 12th-century St. Trypun Cathedral. The cathedral is among the oldest Christian sanctuaries in Europe. In the 12th century, the church of St. Luke was built, which was a Catholic temple until the 17th century, and later became an Orthodox church. It is interesting that the Catholics had their own altar in this church until the 19th century.

The most important of Kotor’s trading companies is the Square of Arms, a favorite place for tourists and locals alike. The city tower with the clock and the pillar of shame in front, the Prince’s Palace, and Napoleon’s theater are only part of Kotor’s historical reading room in stone.